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English irregular verbs > Divid verbs to logical groups > Verbs with coalescence of consonants and vowel shortening

Verbs with coalescence of consonants and vowel shortening

Many verbs derive from Germanic strong verbs, which make many of their inflected forms through vowel gradation, as can be observed in Modern English patterns.

For READ: Past tense and past participle also spelt READ, but pronounced with a short vowel /ɹɛd/.

VerbPastPast Participle
bleedbledbled
breedbredbred
feedfedfed
leadledled
lightlitlit
meetmetmet
readreadread
speedspeedspeed

To find the correct form, you can use an online database of the irregular verbs.

For example: irregular verb READ