Verbs with devoicing of the ending and no other irregularity
Many verbs derive from Germanic strong verbs, which make many of their inflected forms through vowel gradation, as can be observed in Modern English patterns.
Most of these have regular -ed forms as alternatives.
- Smelt or Smelled – what is correct and how to use it
- Spelled or Spelt – what is correct and how to use it
- Spilt or Spilled – what is correct and how to use it
- Learnt or Learned – what is correct and how to use it
Verb Past Past Participle burn burnt burnt dwell dwelt dwelt learn learnt learnt smell smelt smelt spell spelt spelt spill spilt spilt spoil spoilt spoilt
To find the correct form, you can use an online database of the irregular verbs.
For example: irregular verb LEARN